Let’s analyze the objective and most interesting legal issues in the field of blockchain technology, particularly smart contracts, based on a report dubbed "Smart contracts: A legal analysis", published by the Blockchain & Distributed Ledger Observatory of the Politecnico di Milano. Also, the responsible authorities in Italy will discuss this report on Friday 17, 2020.
What is a token? A token is a blockchain-based digital asset that can be exchanged between two parties without the need for an intermediary. A token (coin) can be seen as a set of digital information that is able to give a right of ownership to a subject on the same set of information that is recorded on a blockchain and that can be transferred via a protocol.
From a more technical point of view, a token can be understood in the same way as an algorithm implemented as a Smart Contract, executed on blockchain. Each Smart Contract contains an address list that allows you to find those who can have the tokens and their balance.
Blockchain, smart contracts and incentive mechanisms on cryptocurrencies have big abilities in terms of environmental and social sustainability in Italy, nevertheless, it is necessary to keep in mind that technology is only a tool and that only if correctly applied will it really facilitate the adoption of “green” and fair. Let’s then examine the opportunities offered by the distributed ledger technology (DLT).
Leading crypto gaming organization, the Coingaming Group, has now revealed a new partnership with the non-profit blockchain firm, the TRON Foundation, responsible for developing one of the world’s foremost blockchain and smart contract platforms, TRON and the TRX cryptocurrency.
Many institutions of higher education globally are considering offering classes related to Bitcoin, cryptocurrency, blockchain and other emerging innovative technologies because of their much-acclaimed benefits.
Recently, IKEA Iceland successfully made an invoice on Ethereum (ETH) blockchain tech, by allowing payments from a local merchant in electronic cash. The monetary payment was conducted in the best interests of Nordic Store by means of encoded smart contracts.
One of the requirements of the blockchain to change a chain lock is that this decision is validated by the majority of decision-making power. Nothing could be more democratic, one would say. That's why it was initially seen as a system without masters where everyone can participate, in theory. Many Italians doubt whether technologies including cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, etc. are secure or not.
Italy is considering starting smart parametric policies with automatic reimbursement based on blockchain, smart contract and distributed technology (DLT). The policies will cover the risks related to bad weather, delayed flights and lost luggage. Catholic University and Reply are developing a solution for the issuance of smart blockchain-based insurance policies.